It Transforms Forests Into Newspapers

As you open an excellent metropolitan every day to study what the world was doing yesterday, it could not happen to you that the paper on which the newspaper is printed was, however just a few days in the past, the residing fiber of the spruce bushes of some north­ern forest.

Tear off a nook of a web page, inspecting the ragged edges intently, and you will note that the paper is fabricated from brief, hairlike fibers, which you’ll be able to pull out, as you’ll lint from a cotton plant or the finer threads of a linen handkerchief. Look at a sliver of wooden, and you’ll detect the identical hairlike fibers. Vegetable fibers are the idea of the manufacture of all abnormal materials; however, inside just a few years, on account of the large demand for newspapers in America, the making of paper from vegetable fiber has outstripped all comparable industries. The Fourdrinier ma­chine, now a century previous, revolutionized paper-making. With out it, and with out, too, American wooden pulp processes, a budget newspaper and a budget guide of right now can be not possible. Nobody can estimate the nice that low-cost printing paper has accomplished for mankind.

The house owners of New York Metropolis newspapers guard intently their circulation secrets and techniques; and, consequently, papermakers is not going to let the general public know the way a lot white paper they provide to the completely different places of work…

At $40 a ton, 135,000 tons of paper value the newspapers of New York Metropolis $5,400,000. It is a every day consumption of about 375 tons, costing $15,000. Of this sum, William R. Hearst, proprietor of the Journal, pays $4,000; Joseph Pulitzer, professional­prietor of the World, greater than $3,000; and James Gordon Bennett, proprietor of the Herald, greater than $2,500. In different phrases, Mr. Hearst can not pay his invoice for white paper till he has offered 800,000 Journals, which exhibits that publishing an excellent newspaper in New York Metropolis, or another giant metropolis, is a critical monetary endeavor. It’s not each man that has the braveness to face a invoice of a number of thousand {dollars} for clean paper alone each time the solar rises.

A 1-cent morning newspaper can not pay its white-paper payments from its gross sales of papers. It’s no troublesome matter to make some very fascinating estimates from the info the papermakers furnish. For instance, the rolls of paper which are poured into the large places of work in Printing Home Sq., New York Metropolis, value $20 every, and include 5 miles of paper, or sufficient to print 9,000 12-page papers. The New York Journal, Herald and World print about 200 pages every week, every, averaging 18 pages on weekdays and 90 pages on Sunday; that’s, a $20 roll of paper will print 540 copies of the Journal for every week, for which Mr. Hearst receives between $35 and $40. 100 and thirty-five thou­sand tons of paper, used yearly by the New York Metropolis newspapers, is equiv­alent to 270,000 five-mile rolls, or 1,350,000 miles of paper, not removed from 4,000 miles a day—sufficient to stretch throughout the continent and dip into each oceans.

With out the large receipts from promoting, an excellent newspaper may very well be revealed solely at an enormous loss. The white-paper payments would bankrupt any man who ought to try and print a newspaper with out adver­tisements. Mr. Bennett receives from the promoting within the Herald, which runs over 600 columns every week, greater than $3 million a yr. The higher a part of this sum is expended for paper and editorial, enterprise and mechanical bills; however, by promoting the Herald at 3 cents a duplicate, he makes it one of many best-pay­ing newspaper properties on this planet.

Almost each copy of the huge, metropolitan newspapers is thrown away after it has been learn, as it’s regarded then as waste, nugatory paper. Mr. Bennett, nonetheless, when he buys his of the papermaker, takes a really completely different view of the worth of the white paper on which he spreads the information; for, on the finish of the yr, when he receives the Herald’s stability sheet, he finds that his white paper has value him $1 million. His nice rival, Mr. Hearst, has a nonetheless bigger invoice for paper. Scores of half-ton rolls from the Adirondack forests are fed to his presses on daily basis, from midnight to midnight, and his outlay for paper, in the midst of a yr, quantities to about $1,600,000.

In Printing Home Sq., inside the shadow of the statue of Benjamin Franklin, who turned the primary hand-press in America, extra white paper is fed to the metal monsters, thundering within the caverns under, than is used on another spot on the globe. Printing Home Sq., the information­paper middle of the world, is the idea of an excellent business that has grown up in recent times on this nation—that of constructing paper from timber. American newspapers use 1 / 4 of your complete American manufacturing of paper of every kind, and our output is 1 / 4 of that of the entire world. The American persons are really illustrative of the adage, “The consumption of paper is the measure of a individuals’s tradition.”

This excerpted article was initially revealed in a 1902 subject of SUCCESS journal, and just lately appeared within the January/February 2023 subject.

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